Name of the Institute – Walchand College of
Project Title - “Design and Development of
Farm Automation System for Small Agricultural
Project Sponsored by: La Fondation of
Dassault Systems, Pune.
Project Vision –
World’s population is increasing at exponential
rate. This growing population is causing scarcity
of food. Traditional agricultural practices aren’t
sustainable to provide required quantity and
quality of food with utilizing minimum resources.
Use of automation in agricultural sector promises
to evolve different farming techniques using
integration of advanced technologies. By reducing
heavy labor and tedious task they also improve the
quality of life for farm workers. Our vision for
this project is to develop a standalone mechanical
system capable of carrying out necessary
agricultural functions with minimal human
Project Objectives –
1. To develop a system capable of carrying out
necessary agricultural functions with minimal
2. To develop a standalone mechanical system for
the ease of automation in farming.
3. To develop smart control system so that
agriculture tasks are carried out with minimum
possible energy expenditure.
4. To develop a systematic user interface.
5. To automatically store the coordinates of the
planted seed and further use it for driving the
6. To sense moisture content in the soil.
7. To develop a sowing mechanism.
Working of Robot -
“Design and Development of Farm Automation System
for Small Agricultural Lands” is a robot designed
for agricultural purposes, which can be used in
open farms by small and marginal farmers for farm
automation. The aim of this project is to develop
a system capable of carrying out multiple
agricultural functions with minimal energy
expenditure and human intervention, thus
increasing the speed, accuracy and reliability.
The robot is able to perform elementary operations
a like ploughing, sowing, watering and
fertilization, and soil moisture detection.
For these operations, we have used rotating tool
magazine on which all the tools are mounted and
that magazine is mounted on the robotic arm i.e.,
YZ assembly.The position of the plants is
predefined which varies according to type of crop.
The soil moisture is measured with the help of
moisture sensor and watering is done accordingly.
Robot is operated from a mobile application
through Bluetooth connection. This technology is
useful to grow crops up to height of 1 ˝ feet with
minimum physical labor and saving a tremendous
amount of water. For the movement of the robot, we
have used 4 wheels which are equipped with the hub
motor within it. Stepper motor are connected to
the wheels for the directional change as per
input. Up to 1 acre size of farm can be covered
using this machine and this capacity can be
increased by increasing the range of LIDAR sensor
and increasing battery life. The time of
operations can be reduced by using high speed
motors and a sturdier belt and pulley.
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